ISSN 1644-0714 e-ISSN 2300-6145


Research Article

Classification of calving difficulty scores using different types of decision trees

Daniel Zaborski, Witold S. Proskura, Wilhelm Grzesiak

Department of Ruminants Science, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Doktora Judyma 10, 71-466 Szczecin, Poland

Abstract. The aim of this study was to classify the cases of calving difficulty using selected data mining methods (Classification and Regression Trees, CART, Chi-square Automatic Interaction Detector, CHAID, and Quick, Unbiased, Efficient, Statistical Trees, QUEST) and generalized linear model (GLZ) and to identify their most important predictors. A total of 1699 records of Polish Holstein-Friesian Black-and-White cows were used. Calving difficulty had three categories (easy, moderate and difficult). Percentages of calvings correctly classified by CART, CHAID, QUEST and GLZ, respectively, were as follows: 60.20, 65.31, 68.88 and 66.33% (easy), 71.36, 69.01, 64.79 and 69.01% (moderate) and 0, 0, 0 and 0% (difficult). The most influential predictors of calving difficulty were the rank of the dam’s sire, calf sex, calving age, previous calving difficulty, lactation number, daily milk yield and average milk yield of the farm. The tree models and GLZ were of moderate quality. None of them could correctly indicate dystocia.

Keywords: cattle, decision support systems, diagnosis, dystocia

Accepted: 28 Dec 2016

Published online: 08 May 2017

Full-text article

How to cite:

Zaborski, D., Proskura, W.S., Grzesiak, W. (2016). Classification of calving difficulty scores using different types of decision trees. Acta Sci. Pol. Zootechnica, 15(4), 55‒70. DOI:10.21005/asp.2016.15.4.05