Research Article

Relationship between selected quality characteristics and levels of water-soluble proteins in porcine longissimus muscle

Tadeusz Karamucki  

Laboratory of Commodity Science of Food Products, Department of Microbiology and Biotechnology, West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, al. Piastów 45, 70-311 Szczecin, Poland

Abstract. This study comprised 136 meat samples (m. longissimus lumborum) from 136 pork carcasses of six-month-old crossbred porkers derived from ♀ (Polish Large White x Polish Landrace) x ♂ (Duroc x Pietrain), with an average carcass weight of 85.8 ± 8.5 kg, slaughtered on an industrial processing line. The pH1, pH24, pH48, WHC, colour parameters (L*, a*, b*), moisture content, crude protein, intramuscular fat, and water-soluble protein content were determined. Significantly high correlation coefficients between the proportion of water-soluble proteins in meat and crude protein and pH48, WHC, and lightness (L*) were recorded, with pH48 (measured in water extracts of meat) having the greatest effect on the proportion of water-soluble protein fractions in the meat and crude protein. In contrast, the basic chemical composition of the meat, i.e. moisture, crude protein, and intramuscular fat content, had no significant effect on the levels of water-soluble proteins. The results indicate that water-soluble proteins are a useful indicator of the quality of pork longissimus muscle.

Keywords: pork quality, pH, water-soluble proteins

 

This Article

Received: 20 Dec 2022

Accepted: 12 Jan 2023

Published online: 18 Mar 2023

Accesses: 221

How to cite

Karamucki, T., (2022). Relationship between selected quality characteristics and levels of water-soluble proteins in porcine longissimus muscle. Acta Sci. Pol. Zootechnica, 21(4), 23–30. DOI: 10.21005/asp.2022.21.4.03.