Research Article

Effect of the genotype and ageing time on physicochemical parameters of skeletal muscles in young bulls fattened in a semi intensive system

Piotr Stanek 1, Piotr Domaradzki 2, Paweł Żółkiewski 1 , Mariusz Florek 2, Ewa Januś 1, Marek Kowalczyk 2

1University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Department of Cattle Breeding and Genetic Resources Conservation, Akademicka 13, 20-950 Lublin, Poland

2University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Department of Quality Assessment and Processing of Animal Product, Sub-Department of Instrumental Analysis of Food, Akademicka 13, 20-950 Lublin, Poland

Abstract. the aim of the study was to determine the effect of the genotype and ageing time on pH, water holding capacity, shear force and energy, and the myofibrillar index of m. longissimus lumborum and m. semitendinosus muscles in semi-intensively fed bulls. Carcass value indices and the chemical composition of the muscles depending on the genetic group were assessed as well. The study involved 46 young bulls from four genetic groups, i.e. the Hereford breed (HER - 8 bulls), the Limousin breed (LIM - 8 bulls), commercial cross-breeds (MT - 14 bulls), and the Polish Black-and-White Holstein-Friesian breed (PHF - 16 bulls). The analyses showed that the semi-intensive fattening system ensures production of carcasses with satisfactory slaughter yield and quality parameters (good musculature and moderate fatness). The best quality parameters were determined in the meat from the LIM and MT young bulls, whereas the poorest results were exhibited by the PHF beef. The ageing time had a positive effect on the meat quality parameters (especially tenderness and color), contributing to a significant reduction in the differences between the genotypes observed in the initial postmortem period. The results of the shear force and myofibrillar index, i.e. parameters of meat tenderness, suggest that a 14-day ageing period seems to be the necessary minimum. This period should even be extended in the case of the LL muscle of HER and PHF young bulls or the ST muscle of HER, MT, and PHF young bulls. Further research with consumer assessment is therefore advisable to determine the optimal ageing time of beef produced in the country.

Keywords: semi-intensive fattening system, fattening performance, slaughter yield, beef quality, meat ageing

 

This Article

Received: 24 May 2023

Accepted: 14 Aug 2023

Published online: 14 Oct 2023

Accesses: 292

How to cite

Stanek, P., Domaradzki, P., Żółkiewski, P., Florek, M., Januś, E., Kowalczyk, M., (2023). Effect of the genotype and ageing time on physicochemical parameters of skeletal muscles in young bulls fattened in a semi intensive system. Acta Sci. Pol. Zootechnica, 22(2), 3–16. DOI: 10.21005/asp.2023.22.2.01.