Ewa Januś 1 , Piotr Sablik 2, Agata Święciło 3
1Department of Cattle Breeding and Genetic Resources Conservation, Laboratory for Organic Production of Food of Animal Origin, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Akademicka 13, 20-950 Lublin, Poland
2Department of Ruminant Science, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Klemensa Janickiego 29, 71-270 Szczecin, Poland
3Department of Environmental Microbiology, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, St. Leszczyńskiego 7, 20-069 Lublin, Poland
Abstract. Biotechnological methods can be used in dairy cow reproduction to increase reproductive potential and improve economic outcomes of milk production. Biotechnological methods widely used in reproduction include artificial insemination and embryo transfer, and more recently insemination with sexed semen, which makes it possible to control the sex of the offspring. This study presents an analysis of the effectiveness of the use of sexed semen in a selected herd of dairy cows. The results confirmed the effectiveness of sexed semen at increasing births of female calves. Sexed semen was most effective among heifers. In that group the fewest insemination doses were required for conception (1.54), and pregnancy after the first insemination procedure was noted in 52.2% of cases. The values of selected fertility parameters (calving-to-first-service interval, service period, services per conception, and rate of conception after first service) did not deviate significantly from recommended values in cows inseminated with sexed and unsexed semen. Among the group of cows inseminated with sexed semen, fertility parameters were significantly more favourable than in the group inseminated with conventional semen.
Keywords: dairy cows, artificial insemination, sexed semen, reproductive parameters
Received: 30 May 2022
Accepted: 20 Jun 2022
Published online: 7 Jan 2023
Januś, E., Sablik, P., Święciło, A., (2022). Analysis of the effectiveness of sexed semen in a selected herd of dairy cows. Acta Sci. Pol. Zootechnica, 21(2), 9–18. DOI: 10.21005/asp.2022.21.2.02.