Research Article

Chemical composition and nutritional characteristics of several cereal grain

Agnieszka Kowieska , Roman Lubowicki, Izabela Jaskowska

West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin

Abstract. An analysis chemical composition of 33 samples of five cereal grains harvested in oneyear led to a conclusion that the greatest variations and statistically significant differences (P≤0.01) among cereals existed in their content of crude protein, crude fibre and the following fractions of dietary fibre: NDF,ADF, TDF, IDF and SDF.Analyzed winter wheat and winter rye varieties differ significantly (P≤0.01) from other cereal grains in their content of magnesium, potassium, sodium, phosphorus, manganese, zinc and show a statistically significant difference (P≤0.05) in the content of calcium and copper. The average total content of amino acids was highest in wheat and lowest in winter barley. Lysine was found to be the first amino acid limiting (CS) the quality of protein in all analyzed varieties of cereal grains, with the exception of rye, while tryptophan was found to be such an amino acid for animals (WE). The high content of essential amino acids (EAA) was reflected in EAAI, which forWH ranged from 71% (spring barley) to 84% (winter triticale), and forWE from 51% (winter barley) to 60% (winter triticale).

Keywords: amino acids, cereal, chemical composition, nutritive value

 

This Article

Published online: 29 Apr 2017

Accesses: 164

How to cite

Kowieska, A., Lubowicki, R., Jaskowska, I., (2011). Chemical composition and nutritional characteristics of several cereal grain. Acta Sci. Pol. Zootechnica, 10(2), 37–50.