Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Zootechnica
 

Research Article

Share of selected protein fractions in the milk of Polish Holstein-Friesian cows depending on age, performance and stage of lactation

Anna E. Zielak-Steciwko, Marzena Kęsek, Ewa Pecka-Kiełb

Institute of Animal Breeding, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, J. Chełmońskiego 38C, 51-630 Wrocław, Poland

Department of Biostructure and Animal Physiology, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, C.K. Norwida 31, 51-375 Wrocław, Poland

Abstract. Milk is composed of more than 400 fatty acids, approximately 100 proteins and peptides, lactose, vitamins and minerals. These components have a high bioavailability and health-promoting properties to humans. They also influence technological usefulness of milk for processing. The aim of the study was to determine the influence of cow’s age, level of productivity and lactation phase on milk composition with particular emphasis on the share of protein fractions and lactoferrin in milk of Polish Holstein-Friesian cows. Milk samples were collected from primiparous (P; n = 60) and multiparous (M; n = 60) cows in three phases of lactation (I – 30–60 days; II – 90–120 days; III – 210–240 days) with differentiation on cows with low (L; < 30 kg/milking) and high (H; > 30 kg/milking) performance. Lower (P  ≤  0.01) level of α-casein was found in milk from cows ML I and MH I comparing with primiparous cows in this phase of lactation. Milk from cows PH III was characterised by lower (P  ≤  0.05) share of α-lactalbumin comparing with milk from cows in I stage of lactation in all groups. It was observed that in subsequent phases of lactation milk was characterized by higher content of lactoferrin. In general, in multiparous cows somatic cell count (SCC) was higher comparing with primiparous cows. The obtained results can be explain by the greater number of infections of the mammary gland in older cows so the level of antibacterial components increases as well as the fact that with lactation phases mammary gland becomes more and more susceptible.

Keywords: protein fractions, age, yield, lactation stage, bovine milk

 

How to cite:

Zielak-Steciwko, A.E., Kęsek, M., Pecka-Kiełb, E. (2017). Share of selected protein fractions in the milk of Polish Holstein-Friesian cows depending on age, performance and stage of lactation. Acta Sci. Pol. Zootechnica, 16(3), 3–10. DOI:10.21005/asp.2017.16.3.01.

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Acta Sci. Pol. Zootechnica

ISSN 1644-0714; e-ISSN 2300-6145

MNiSW (2019): 20 pkt

DOI: 10.21005/asp

License: CC-BY-NC 3.0 PL

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